Indian per capita emission is lower than others: RK Singh

Indian per capita emission is lower than others: RK Singh

In the face of growing concerns over climate change, India has received praise for its remarkably low per capita carbon emissions. During the 14th Clean Energy Ministerial and 8th Mission Innovation Meeting held in Goa, Union Minister for Power and New & Renewable Energy, R. K. Singh, made the announcement, shedding light on India’s impressive achievements in combating climate change.

Representatives from more than 30 countries and international organizations gathered at the ministerial meeting, which was chaired by R. K. Singh. The primary focus of the gathering was to discuss challenges related to energy transition and explore potential solutions.

R. K. Singh highlighted that India’s per capita carbon emissions stand at approximately 2.29 tons, a figure significantly lower than the global average of 6.3 tons. He attributed this success to the simple lifestyle adopted by the Indian populace. He further emphasized that collective efforts from individuals and nations are crucial in securing a sustainable future for the planet.

India’s commitment to reducing reliance on fossil fuels and boosting renewable energy generation was also emphasized. Ambitious targets were announced, aiming to fulfill 50% of the country’s energy requirements from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030. Additionally, India set its sights on generating 500 GW of renewable energy by the same year.

One of the initiatives contributing to emission reductions is India’s Perform, Achieve, and Trade (PAT) scheme for industries. This program encourages sustainable practices and has resulted in a reduction of 105 million tons of emissions per annum.

Determined to accelerate the energy transition, India is actively exploring different renewable sources, including solar, wind, and hydrogen. The nation has also implemented energy efficiency schemes in the lighting sector, such as UJALA, star rating, and LED street lights, resulting in significant emissions reductions.

The importance of transitioning away from fossil fuels to secure a sustainable future for humanity was reiterated by Vijay Kumar Saraswat, a member of NITI Aayog. He stressed the need for global collaboration in promoting clean energy solutions and reducing carbon emissions.

Commending India’s leadership in the global energy transition, Jennifer M. Granholm, the secretary of energy from the United States, acknowledged the significance of collaborative efforts among nations, businesses, cities, and institutions to effectively tackle climate change. She highlighted the critical role of emerging technologies in achieving the Net Zero goal.

Indeed, the per capita emissions data from Our World in Data showcases the varying levels of emissions among different regions. India’s per capita emissions in 2021 were 1.74 tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) per person, contrasting sharply with the USA’s 13.68 tCO2e per person, China’s 8.20 tCO2e per person, and Europe’s 7.30 tCO2e per person.

These figures illustrate that the USA has the highest per capita emissions among the four regions, followed by China, Europe, and India. The USA emits nearly eight times more CO2 per person than India, and almost twice as much as China and Europe. Despite India’s low per capita emissions, the country’s total emissions are rising due to rapid economic growth and development.

Several factors influence the per capita emissions of these regions, including economic development, industrialization, energy sources, population size, density, climate, and geography. While richer countries tend to have higher energy demand and consumption, some have successfully decoupled economic growth from emissions through improved energy efficiency and cleaner energy sources.

Countries heavily reliant on fossil fuels tend to have higher emissions, while those with abundant renewable resources can reduce their dependence on such fuels. Additionally, population density and efficient urban planning can lead to lower per capita emissions. Climate and geography also influence energy demand and emissions.

To address these challenges and contribute to global efforts to limit the rise in global temperatures, regions like India, the USA, China, and Europe have set commitments and targets. These include increasing the share of renewable energy, improving energy efficiency, implementing carbon pricing mechanisms, enhancing carbon sinks, and supporting low-carbon development and innovation in emerging economies like India.

As the world continues to grapple with climate change, India’s efforts and achievements serve as an inspiration for nations worldwide. Through collective action and dedication to sustainable practices, we can pave the way for a greener and healthier planet. Together, we can work towards a future free from the shackles of carbon emissions and embrace the promise of clean, renewable energy.

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